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How to protect yourself from melanoma: the alphabet of moles

Remember! Early prevention can significantly reduce risks of cancer development

Melanoma: deadliest type of skin cancer is on the rise. Each year globally 2 - 3 millions of melanoma skin cancer cases are registered. Melanoma is the 13th leading cause of all cancer related deaths. Experts recommend visiting dermatologist at least once a year to conduct a regular check of skin surface in order register any changes. In between appointments you should self-examine yourself by using the ABCDE Test.

If diagnosed in time, 90% of cancer cases can be cured, unlike other types of cancer, melanoma has diagnostic advantage, as its clearly visible on the skin.

Moles are not all the same!

A mole, also called a nevus, consists of a mass of brown-colored cells that are generally found in the skin or mucus membranes. They are also known as melanocytes.

They carry out such functions as:

Moles usually appear after six months of age, and continue to form for the rest of life.

It is mainly the excessive exposure of the sunlight, that would affect the amount and size of moles. The more you have, the greater is the risk of developing melanoma and the 35% of melanomas develop from a pre-existing mole.

So that the moles do not become dangerous, it is good to pay a closer attention to erythema or sun burns, which damage the DNA of skin cells and can promote tumor growth. Also its important to take in to consideration the genetic predisposition or cases of melanoma in the family.

The ABCDE of melanoma

In order to make an effective self-examination, you must consider some aspects, summarised in the "ABCDE Test", a true alphabet that allows you to recognise the potential dangerous of moles based on their aesthetic characteristics:

A = Asymmetry: a healthy mole has a regular round shape. If it appears asymmetrical and irregular looking, you must go and see a specialist to have further examinations;

B = Border: must be linear and regular and not in any way irregular and jagged;

C = Color: if it is not homogeneous, but has darker spots or more colors, it could be a melanoma;

D = Dimensions: must not exceed 6 mm;

E = Evolution: if it changes in size, shape or color in 6-8 months a specially if you are under the age of 40, it is better to seek the opinion of an expert.

Finally, it is important to remember to check even the most hidden places, like the lips, inside of the mouth, inside the ears, between the toes, on hands and even on genitals.

If you require further information or want to book a visit with our specialists.
Please call on +7 (495) 120 79 61.

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