Is a benign, self-limiting inflammatory disease affecting part of the eye called the episclera. The episclera is a thin layer of tissue that lies between the conjunctiva and the connective tissue layer that forms the white of the eye (sclera).
Acute onset of redness with discomfort (more gradual in nodular episcleritis).
May present late, as symptoms mild.
Discomfort, grittiness, aching in or around the eye. Very rarely, marked pain.
Localised or diffuse red eye.
Watering and occasional mild photophobia.
No other associated ocular symptoms.
No discharge other than watering.
Visual acuity normal.
Complete blood count
Antistreptolisin O (ASL-O)
Potassium Sodium Chlorine (K, Na, Cl) (blood)
Diplopia test (double vision)
Eccentricity angle test
Autorefractometry (narrow pupil)
Gramstained smear bacterioscopy - eye swab
Microflora culture and sensitivity test (eye swab)